China\'s steel pipe industry with low capacity utilization has been hit hard by a 1997/1998 currency crisis. There are only a few big factories left in the crisis. In 2001, industries such as manufacturing, automotive and electronics that needed pipelines began to recover from the downturn, but the pipeline industry remained sluggish. Low capacity utilization rate of steel pipe industry- It was only 20% until 2005. There are many factors in the recovery of the steel pipeline industry, such as low demand and old machinery. Despite low capacity utilization, the industry has survived. As factory owners have invested a lot of money in the industry, they will continue to operate. The bosses of some old factories have taken back their investments and stopped taking on the debt, and their days have been better. Many factory owners have managed to cope with difficult situations by producing non-core products of commercial value, such as processing steel pipes to produce pipe fittings. Some steel pipe producers have recently produced frames for hollow pipe buildings sold to construction projects. Hollow pipes are easy to install and are more durable than wooden frames and therefore more efficient. Over the past four years, there has been an increase in demand for hollow pipes. The production of non-core products such as hollow pipes has saved the steel pipe industry from bankruptcy and prevented a wider range of layoffs. The recent construction of the gas pipeline project will help accelerate the recovery of the country\'s steel pipe industry. Steel pipe factory Association (Gapipa) It is expected that the capacity utilization rate of China\'s steel pipe industry will rise to 80% in the next few years. The expensive base material steel pipe industry is facing problems caused by the increase in the price of base materials from local suppliers, the increase in the number of imported steel pipes at cheaper prices, and the decline in the competitive power of local products. The products imported from China are lower than the local ones. Chinese steel pipes are sold in Jakarta for $438 per ton, while imported HRC costs $440 per ton (Hot rolled roll) Import CRC $460 per ton ( Cold rolled roll) As the basic material of steel pipe. Therefore, with the increase in the price of basic materials, the local products of steel pipes are becoming more and more competitive in the market. If they use basic materials produced locally, such as the HRC of PT, they are less competitive. Krakatau Steel (KS) The price is $600 per ton. China has been accused of dumping at low prices for its HRC exports to China. Pt ks has filed a petition with the Anti-Dumping Commission (KADI) An anti-dumping surcharge is required for HRC imports from China. Gap ipa urged the government to introduce a series of regulations to protect the development of China\'s steel industry from upstream to downstream. Protection must be comprehensive and cannot cover only one sector downstream or upstream, the report said. China\'s steel pipe industry has always relied on PT. Krakatau Steel for Kra and CRC basic materials. According to Gap ipa, import tariffs on HRC, CRC and steel plates have increased to 20%- If the import tax on downstream products such as steel pipes is not increased proportionally, 30% will not be effective. Increasing import taxes on basic materials will encourage imports of downstream products such as steel pipes. The type of steel pipe and the process of producing steel pipe include welded steel pipe and seamless steel pipe. Welded steel pipes are produced with Welded, CRC and steel plates. There are two kinds of welded steel pipes:. ERW ( (Electrical welding) That is, straight steel pipe B. SAW ( Submerged arc welding) That is, the main basic material of spiral welded steel pipe is hot rolling (HRC) And Cold Rolled Coil (CRC) A certain thickness The HRC is used for oil, gas and water pipes and pillars in the construction sector. CRC is used for components such as furniture pipes, gas pipelines, cars, motorcycles, bicycles, etc. . The process of producing HRC and CRC, because the parent coils with a width of 1 m are put into the slitting machine, in which they are cut into strips with the required width to fit the desired width The strip from the slit coil is put into the pipeline production line-- The beginning of the UN The winding machine is formed by bending the roller to form a round steel pipe. a. ERW ( Welding resistance) By using steel pipes produced by high frequency resistance welding and hot materials, smooth welding can be achieved without combustion. The welding process is continuous when the steel pipe is formed. Explosive Remnants of War ( Welding resistance) With high frequency welding, the connection process is automatically controlled by a machine called automatic thermal control. b. SAW ( Submerged arc welding) Steel pipes produced using high voltage power. Sawmill generally uses filters and flux to prevent contamination of liquid steel during welding. Compared with explosive remnants of war, saw pipe is of poor quality. The welded steel pipe passes through the roller School, before cutting according to the standard length, the round steel pipe is processed first. Then give them water pressure to make sure there is no leakage. Through the welding method, the steel pipes produced in China can be classified as follows:. Longitudinal welded steel pipe produced by straight horizontal or vertical welding. In this method, the welding equipment is static, while the object to be welded will move the ight aight line and usually have an outer diameter (OD)of 3/4\" to24\". PT only in Indonesia SEAPI can produce longitudinal welded pipes with a diameter of more than 24. b. Spiral welded steel pipe is produced by using Spiral welding, in Spiral welding, the welding equipment is also fixed, but the welded object will move and rotate at a certain speed, the diameter is (OD)8\" to 80\". Most welded steel pipe producers in Indonesia produce ERW longitudinal steel pipes with a diameter of less than 8 \"and greater than 0. 5\". There are only a few spiral saw products like PT. Milan, platinum. Alim Ampuh, PT. Larkin steel and PT. Pacific Ocean. Welded steel pipes with large outer diameter are produced only by PT. PT. Bakrie pipeline industry Milan, platinum. KHI, PT. Alim Ampuh and PT. Indal steel pipe. There are only a few producers of steel pipes with a diameter of more than 16. See table below. The country\'s steel pipe manufacturers have used various international steel pipe standards for welded pipes (ERW and SAW) And seamless pipelines such as API standards ( American Petroleum Society, ASTM ( American Society of Testing and Materials),BS( British Standard), JIS ( Japanese Industrial Standards)and SNI ( National standards in Indonesia), etc. . However, not all producers have met API standards. Only four of the six spiral producers have met the standard of artificial intelligence. Of the 12 ERW pipe plants, only 2 meet API standards. The only producer oflongititdinal tube has an API-compliant standard. Producers and production capacity increased by 2000, with 24 steel pipe producers operating, of which 17 were grouped in the steel pipe factory Association (Gapipa) The remaining seven are not members of the association. In 2005, gap ipa members were reduced to 15 and non-gap ipa members were reduced to 4 companies. The remaining 12 producers are welding pipeline producers with explosive remnants of war ( Welding resistance) Technology and 5 companies that produce pipelines with explosive remnants of war and saws ( Submerged arc welding)techniques. One company is the production tube of PT. Pipeline industry in Southeast Asia (SEAPI). According to the gap ipa report, as of 2005, the investment value of the steel pipeline industry was $1 billion, providing employment opportunities for 8,000 workers. At present, the total production capacity of the National Steel Pipe Industry is 1. 6 million tons per year, the ability to use API standards is 920,000 tons, and the ability to use non-API standards is 680,000 tons. Most producers use older machines 1970 or 30 years ago. Therefore, the efficiency of the machine is low. Steel pipe producers use technology from different countries such as Germany and France. Most of the welded steel pipe manufacturers are mainly located in Inga Tower, banteng, West Java and East Java in Java. Many producers of Seamlesspipes are mainly located in Batam and Riau outside Java. The only comprehensive industry in Indonesia\'s steel industry is in Saigon, banteng. Built in the 1970 s, the property is currently operated by state subsidiaries PT, a steel manufacturer. KS namelyPT. Krakatau industrial zone. The subsidiary of pt ks producing saw-type welded steel pipe is PT. KHI pipeline industry also located in industrial zone. Foreign investment has little impact on China\'s steel pipe industry. So far PT. Steel pipe project in Indonesia (ISTW) the only foreign investment (PMA) A company operating in China\'s steel pipe industry. The Japanese company has the capacity to produce 44,000 tons of welded pipe annually, and the factory is located in Jakarta and Semarang. As has been said, the old machines used by most producers now have a history of more than 30 years. Only a few countries replaced the old machines in 1989 such as Indal, the Bakrie pipe industry, Baya steel, and the Swarna BajaPacific. On 1995, the Indonesian Pabrik Pipa replaced the machine and transferred the factory from plogado to Cikarang in North Carolina. PT Bumi Kaya also invested in the construction of the new Cikarangoperational plant in 1998. The output of steel pipe producers is still very low, far below their production capacity. In the last five years They operate on average 20%- 30% and 2005 of installed capacity in 2004. Market downturn led to low capacity utilization. In 2002- 2004. There has been a surge in demand for steel pipes, especially for small-path steel pipes for construction or real estate projects, Furniture Industries and motorcycle component producers. The rise in wood truss prices has led to a rise in demand for construction steel pipes. According to a report from the Ministry of Industry, China\'s steel pipe production increased from 368,400 tons in 2001 to 459,593 tons, up to 2004 tons. Steel pipe production surged to 689,723 tons in 2005. Export growth has driven growth. Production rose by 20. In the past five years, 75% per year. Some large producers such as Bakrie Pipeline Industry, SEAPI, Bumi Kaya and KHI pipeline industry have contributed to a large extent to the country\'s total output. Indonesia\'s steel pipe industry is dominated by Bakrie Group and Krakatau Steel Group. Bakrie Group has three subsidiaries that produce PT. Pipeline Industry (BPI), PT. Pipeline industry in Southeast Asia (SEAPI) Indonesia Jaya seamless steel pipe (SPIJ). Welded and SEAPI are the producers of Welded steel pipes, and SPIJ is the producer of seamless steel pipes. As a result, the Bakrie Group produces a wide range of steel pipes. SPIJ has an ordinary buyer, Pertamina, the national oil and gas company that holds shares in the SPU. The ERW Steel Pipe industry is dominated by bpi with an annual output of 175,000 tons. Companies at the bekasi plant in West Java produce pipes with a diameter of 0 on 39 hectares of land. 5\" to 24\". Later 2005, a consortium of BPI and PT. Bumi Kaya Steel won atender and built a gas distribution pipe network for PGN in West Java. The distribution pipeline will be connected to the natural gas pipeline in South SumatraWest Java (SSWJ) Construction of the first and second phases. As we all know, the consortium has experience in producing steel pipes with API specifications5LB and API LX-6. The pipes to be produced include enamel coating and three-layer polyethylene consisting of pipes with a diameter from 4 \"to 24. The pipeline is 272 kilometers long, connecting bogobeca West, Kalawang, karanglang andBanten, Jakarta. The project will be completed within 150 days of signing the contract and by March 2006 the pipeline will be shipped for the first time. The project is expected to cost 347 billion rupees. The BPI has received a loan of Rs 130 billion from the Indonesian international bank. PT, its holding company, July 2006. And his brothers (BB) Named the winner of the tender for the construction of a natural gas delivery pipeline through semalang, which transports natural gas from East Kalimantan to Java. The 1,120-kilometer pipeline project is expected to require 380,000 tons of pipes, 42 inch in diameter, worth $0. 4 billion. BB won the bid offer for $0 in tolls. 77/ MMBTU ( Million British thermal units) Lower than the price offered by the other two competitors, including PGN, for $0. 98/MMBTU and PT. Barata, Indonesia, $1. 10/MMBTU. SEAPI is the only steel pipe manufacturer with a diameter of 24\" 48 \"is welded vertically. The company was operating in 1999 with an annual production capacity of 200 tons. SEAPI is the only vertical pipe producer in Indonesia. In 2002, SEAPI exported 5,000 tons of welded longitudinal pipes to Iranian oil companies. SEAPI has established a strategic alliance with Darry Siderca Tamsa ( Pipeline producers from Argentina) Improve product quality and expand export markets in Asia, Africa and the Middle East. The alliance is an early process of its long-term plan to merge with sister company PT. Indonesia Jaya seamless steel pipe (SPIJ). SEAPI has completed a restructuring of itochucation\'s $59 million debt, which extended debt repayment to 2004. SEAPI\'s capacity utilization rate is 40%, but it is optimistic that this will increase this proportion, especially in the case of participation in the natural gas pipeline project of inPGN. 2003 for example seapi not provide 65% or 31,400 tons 40,000 tons ofpipes grissik between of 220 mi/Pipeline Engineering, South Sumatra and Singapore. SEAPI has also won international oil and gas pipeline projects such as the Middle East and China. In 2003, it exported 30,000 tons of large diameter steel pipes to some countries such as Iran, with a total of 3,200 tons of steel pipes with a diameter of 26 \"and 30. Krakatau Steel Group Krakatau Steel produces Steel pipes through its subsidiary PT. KHIPipe industrial company produces saw steel pipes with an annual output of 120,000 tons. KHI is the largest manufacturer of spiral welded pipe in Southeast Asia. The company has a large capacity coating facility for external and internal coatings for oil and gas projects. The paint business contributes a lot to khi\'s revenue. KHI has obtained the ISO 9002 certificate. And hold permission to use the API monogram. The pipe produced by KHI is the type with a diameter of 8. . 5\"- 120 \", of which 60% were supplied to the oil and gas mining industry, 20% to the manufacturing and irrigation sectors, and the rest to exports. In 2001, KHI exported 4,500 tons of steel pipes worth $1. 5 million tons in Malaysia The outlet has a pipe diameter of 60 miles and a length of 65 metres. It is the longest pipe in the world. KHIis is the first company in the world to produce spiral tubes with a length of 65 m. KHI is supported by its parent company, PT Krakatau Steel, which supplies HRC. KHI has made improvements to its machines to produce API X65 advanced gas pipelines with a thickness of 20. 6mm is widely used in the oil and gas industry. KHI pipeline industry. The steel pipe industry needs a lot of investment. The industry will depend on the availability of HRC base materials. In the past few years, China has not invested in the steel pipe industry, including capacity expansion. Existing producers still have a lot of spare capacity. There are many factors that affect the investment in the steel pipe industry. Therefore, venture capital requires a lot of investment, and only companies with strong financial strength to enter the market can invest in the industry. In addition, the government has not provided adequate protection for the industry. Steel pipe exports have fluctuated over the past five years. Because of the downturn in the domestic market, most producers are looking to stimulate exports. In 2001, the export of seamless steel pipes reached a peak of 111,946 tons. In 2003, the export of welded pipes reached a peak of 124,302 tons. In 2005, although exports increased from 2004, they were smaller. In 2005, seamless steel pipe was the main export, of which the total export volume of seamless steel pipe was 98,502 tons and the total export volume of welded pipe was 52,555 tons. The largest exporter of saw welded pipe is the KHI pipe industry, and the largest exporter of the type of explosive remnants of war is ISTW. The destination countries are mainly Singapore and Malaysia, as well as some countries in Europe. According to the Official Records of the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) Singapore was the biggest buyer in 2005. Exports to that country totaled 14,818 tons. The following is Malaysia, which exported 434 tons in that year. Exports to the two countries are mainly used for various pipelines for longitudinal submerged arc welding of oil and gas. Indonesia still imports steel pipes, especially those produced in Indonesia. In addition, imported products are cheaper than steel pipes produced locally. According to the Ministry of Industry, steel pipe imports in 2001- 2005 tends to increase for welding and seamless pipes. Imported seamless steel pipe. The total import volume of Seamlesspipe is 294,501 tons, and the total import volume of welded pipe is 233,808 tons. From 50,200 tons in 2001 to 74,900 tons in 2003. Imports surged to 233,800 tons in 2005. Seamless steel pipe imports also increased from 167,300 tons in 2004 to 294,000 tons. The increase in imports is accompanied by the revival of the construction industry, especially the government-owned infrastructure industry. In addition, imported pipes are cheaper than those produced locally. Gap ipa said Chinese products entered the Chinese market at $438 a tonne. The price of the same type of local product is much higher, and the price of pt ks selling HRC Alone is as high as $600/ton. Local products cannot compete fairly in the market, and the price of basic materials has exceeded the price of imported products. There is a trend of increasing import value. Imports of welded pipes increased from $62. Between $3 million and $228 in 2001. 2005 5 million. The import of welding pipes is mainly high quality products, especially in the oil and gas industry. According to official figures from BPS in 2006, China is the largest supplier of steel pipes to the oil and gas industry. A total of 103,962 steel pipes were imported from China\'s oil and gas industry. Tons worth $49. 2006 62 million. Gap ipa urged the government to protect the country\'s steel pipe industry by restricting imports. A large number of imported products with cheap prices have caused marketing problems for local products. Gapipa is suspected of dumping or illegally importing steel pipes, especially those from China. China\'s steel pipe industry sees encouraging prospects for large pipeline projects in the oil and gas industry. The country is planning a gas pipeline project of more than 3,000 kilometers. These projects are expected to be implemented between 2006 and 2008. The problem facing the steel pipe industry in China is that the price of HRC basic materials is too high. With the implementation of the high import tax, the price of the HRC has risen. At the same time, pt ks also brought a high price to itsHRC products. The government was urged to coordinate import tariffs on steel downstream products. The government only imposes high import taxes on upstream products. In developed countries and other developing countries, the steel industry is protected by the government. Malaysia imposed a 50% tariff on imported steel. Even if the United States plans to maintain the import dutyon steel synergy between its 40% upstream and downstream sectors, it will need to improve the capacity utilization rate of the country\'s steel pipeline industry. The upstream sector needs to be more efficient in order to be able to produce HRC and CRC at a more competitive and reasonable price. With the increasing demand for steel pipes, China\'s steel pipe industry is still likely to raise production capacity to an ideal level. Gap ipa hopes to increase capacity to 80% next year. come in many forms, like trimmer machine online and machine cnc, and they all provide efficient solution for our cnc machine center manufacturers needs. Kingtool Aluminum Doors and Windows Machinery Co., Ltd. is a reliable company that offers wonderful . In addition, the company also provides related components to make it more efficient. To know more, go to Kingtool Aluminium Machinery. Among improvements to cnc router manufacturers, nearly half of consumers considered quality and service as the most important change a business could make in its supply chain. The only cardinal rule with adding animation is to keep high-quality on copy milling machine.